The Breeding Process
by Jude Iaconianni
"the who, what, where, how and why's" about breeding
poodles. We are going to attempt to answer
all of those for you.
The easiest way to answer all those questions are
from beginning to end. It all begins when selecting future mom's
and dad's for your breeding family, researching genetic issues and
colors in the
pedigree's of puppies your selecting from. After answering the
regarding the puppies you begin to look at the puppy's
characteristics such as personality/temperament, legs, eyes, body
coat, general health and many other individual features. Once
have selected your
puppy the real work begins.
After you get
your puppy home a lot of the process for the first few months is
same as when our puppies go to their new homes. The house
potty training, basic obedience's and normal new puppy house
instilled. After the
first few months the breeding process actually begins with
monitoring their health and diet attempting to maintain optimal health
breeding. Sir's and
Dam's are given daily vitamin supplements,
fresh water and food
along with maintaining a clean dry area in the
they sleep. Depending on the time of year this can require
washing beds daily. We begin breeding our males around
1 year of age
and our females on their second heat cycle usually 12 to 15
months of age.
Now that our
puppies have matured into adults the process for selecting a
begins. This is similar to the process used when selecting a
We look at the male and females features attempting to
improve a feature and improve the quality of the puppy.
selecting your breeding pair monitoring begins of the females
heat cycle and
sometimes a visit to the vet and completing a Progesterone
With the information obtained you begin trying to select the
breeding days for your pair. We allow them to breed under
trying to avoid injury to the male or female during the
breeding process. If the natural breeding process isn't
methods can be taken such as collection and artificial insemination
which is a
option offered by some specializing vet offices.
breeding process is completed its a waiting period of about
monitoring the Dam's health and providing supplements as needed to
Around day 30 of the litter gestation period we have our vet perform a
determine pregnancy and estimate a puppy count.
term gestation is 63 days all though puppies can be born and
full term at 58 to 68 days. Around day 54 of the process a
x-ray is taken
by our vet to determine not only puppy count but to determine
if the dam may
have issues passing the puppies through the birthing canal.
Now the fun
really begins and making sure the whelping area is ready to
puppies. Our whelping area consists of a whelping box that has a
Rail" for the puppies safety, a whelping heating pad to
supply heat from underneath the puppies (82 to 92 degree's)
and a heat
lamp to maintain a temperature from above. A Pig Rail is a
rail in the
whelping box that's high enough and extends far enough out to keep
the new mom
away from the side of
the whelping box and create a safe space
below it for a
puppy. This is put in place to try to prevent mom from
accidentally crushing or suffocating a
At this point
the dam's temperature is monitored closely watching for her
temperature to drop. This helps determine when she may deliver
In most cases the dam begins the labor process when her temperature
begins to rise
or when it returns back to her normal body temperature.
begins this process can take minutes or can last many hours
completely deliver the litter.
This is the
most scary time of the process watching for a number of
that can occur while delivering each puppy. Making sure
clear, cords are tied off and cut, puppies are warmed quickly,
new arrivals to suckle and feed, watching for the next puppy to
making sure mom is doing good and not running into delivery
Many complications can arise with your whelping mom during
this time such
as a puppy getting lodge in the birth canal, internal damage
and death from
blood loss or simply labor stopping with puppies remaining
Quite often the first hurdle is mom not producing milk. Milk
prior to delivery, within a few hours of delivery, several days after
sometimes producing no milk. If milk issues are encountered
this requires bottle feeding every 2 hours around
the clock with puppy
Once they are born "Clean up" begins not just from delivering
the litter but
an all most constant clean up routine for the next 8 weeks
puppies find new homes.
puppies have arrived the whelping dam is started on a calcium
monitored for any complications that can develop from the
process. When the puppies are 3 or 4 days old they are taken to
the vet to
have dew claws removed and tails docked. This is done at
nerves haven't fully developed into those area. At this stage in
development they are deaf and eyes aren't developed enough to
open and see.
At about 12 days they begin to try to stand and eyes begin to
12 and 16 days and hearing develops shortly after. At week 4
the puppies begin
weaning to soaked kibble (soaked puppy food) and food is
several times a day. We try to shave faces and feet around 4
of age and
trim nails every 2 weeks. Worming the puppies begins the second
week and is
repeated every 2 weeks till the puppies are 8 to 10 weeks old.
puppies reach 5 weeks of age the vet begins a series of
that are given 3 to 4 weeks apart.
The entire breeding process has to be closely
monitored for life threatening
complications such as Pyometra, which is a
accumulation of pus in the
uterine cavity, Gangrene Mastitis,
inflammation and infection
of the mammary glad that can cause the teet to
rupture, Eclampsia, low
blood calcium levels that occur in lactating
Uterine Torsion, twisting or turning of the
uterus that can cause it to rupture.
This is just a few life threatening issues can be
encountered that require
immediate medical intervention.
busy process of bringing new puppies into this world you can't
other adults who need baths and grooming and monitored for
opportunities coming up. The Adults need to be kept up
to date on
vaccinations and heartworm medications. Understanding the
helps answer the most asked question we get.....
"Why do the
puppies cost so much?"
as easy as it seems, requires dedication, a lot of commitment
and time, and
is a very expensive process.
If we haven't
all ready answered your question